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22 octobre 2020

Appeals for Help to Restore Security Its oil exports plummet to 20% of pre- 2011 war


 

Our friend ambassador Gajendra Singh writes of the disaster that befell Libya. They plan the same for Syria…
Libya, post- 2011 NATO & GCC Humanitarian Bombings, Appeals for Help to Restore Security
Its oil exports plummet to 20% of pre- 2011 war
 
Whether led by State or Defense, the militarization of U.S. foreign policy has been a disaster. Embracing military action, on claims of humanitarianism, is the surest way for the foreign policy elite to advance in Washington-Chase Madar
I had written some articles in March 2011 at the time of US led from behind display of its airpower to impress its puppet buyers in the Gulf and elsewhere accompanied as in the past with a plethora of lies .Two URLs are reproduced below ;
Target Col Gaddafi, Western Democracies Descend to Middle Ages –
Crusaders bomb Libya, says Tripoli; Putin agrees / Seen this Military-Porno-Movie before
 
Two recent articles on the terrible state in Libya since the US /NATOand GCC led humanitarian intervention against the UN Resolution 1973 are reproduced below.
 
US led West and its allies in NATO and puppet oil and gas stations in the Gulf led by Saudi Arabia with its archaic and mediaeval and barbaric polity wanted another intervention in Syria, a great centre of human civilization and culture but have been stopped by Putin and BRICS, Syria, Iraq, Hezbollah and SCO and the majority of the non-aligned nations.
 
K.Gajendra Singh 19 September, 2013.Mayur Vihar, Delhi-91.
Chaotic Libya Appeals for Help to Restore Security
* PM says Libya under threat of « terrorism and weapons »
* Seeking peaceful solution to confrontations
* Met British counterpart David Cameron
* Status of Libya’s oil ports, fields
By Marie-Louise Gumuchian and Julia Payne
September 17, 2013 « Information Clearing House   LONDON, Sept 17 (Reuters) – Libya’s prime minister on Tuesday appealed to the outside world to help restore security, as it combats political chaos and tries to restart oil exports crippled by protesters at a cost of $130 million a day in lost income.
Ali Zeidan met with his British counterpart David Cameron, who two years ago was a driving force behind a Western military campaign that helped topple Muammar Gaddafi and aimed to encourage a stable democracy in Libya.
That has yet to emerge. A combination of strikes, militias and political activists have blocked the majority of Libya’s oilfields and ports since end July but the government’s fledging army and police force are ill-equipped to deal with armed protesters.
« If the international community does not help in the collection of arms and ammunition, if we don’t get help in forming the army and the police, things are going to take very long, » Zeidan said at a Libya investment conference in London.
« The situation is not going to improve unless we get real and practical assistance. »
Zeidan and Cameron discussed reducing the supply of arms in Libya and reintegrating militia members into normal life, a British statement said.
Zeidan insisted that he still wanted to solve the crisis through dialogue rather than force.
« We are going to work on solving this problem, » he said. « When blood is shed, the loss will be greater ».
Tripoli has had some success with the restart of its biggest south-western oilfield on Monday but the bulk of oil production in the east is still paralysed.
NOC was able to lift force majeure on its western ports of Zawiya and Mellitah as a result.
The General National Congress’ crisis committee negotiated a deal with an armed group to allow the resumption of the El Sharara oilfield, which is expected to reach full capacity by Friday.
The nearly two month disruption has led to loss of $7.5 billion in revenue for Libya and its foreign oil partners, Mustafa Sanalla, executive board member at the state National Oil Company (NOC) said.
EXXON MOVE
Western oil companies, which jostled for the chance to join Libya’s oil sector revival after the fall of Gaddafi, are losing faith.
ExxonMobil, the world’s largest publicly-traded energy company, said on Tuesday it would cut back its staff and operations there as growing instability no longer justified a major presence.
Royal Dutch Shell suspended drilling and abandoned exploration on two Libya blocks last year due to disappointing results and other firms have postponed exploration due to concerns about safety since the 2011 war.
Marathon is considering the sale of its stake in a key Libyan oil consortium, sources told Reuters in July.
The restart of El Sharara is expected to increase Libyan oil output to 400,000-450,000 barrels per day (bpd), Libya’s deputy oil minister Omar Shakmak said.
« Before Sharara (resumed production) it was around 230,000 bpd, now we’re expecting 400,000-450,000 bpd, » Shakmak said.
Once the 130,000 bpd El Feel ramps up, NOC board member Sanalla said he hoped output would reach 700,000 bpd by the end of the week.
The El Feel field, operated through a joint-venture with Italy’s Eni, was taking a bit longer to restart than El Sharara as additional equipment and power supply checks needed to be made.
Libya’s pre-war capacity was around 1.6 million bpd.
The El Sharara field operated through a joint-venture with Repsol has a capacity of around 350,000 bpd, and flows were already starting to feed the 120,000 bpd Zawiya refinery, which has been running on alternative Brega oil from the east in recent weeks due to the shutdown.
Despite the disruption and waning enthusiasm for new investment in Libya’s upstream, NOC hopes to raise production to 2 million bpd by 2017 while more than doubling the capacity of its Zawiya refinery, Sanalla said.
Car bomb kills head of Libya’s criminal investigations unit : Benghazi has been hit by a wave of targeted killings in recent months as security agencies struggle to secure the country. Several senior criminal investigators in Benghazi have been killed since the country’s 2011 civil war.
U.N. issues oil warning to Libya: Libya needs to resolve issues that are dramatically curtailing its oil export potential or risk going broke, the U.N. special envoy to the country said.
A year after Benghazi, Libya worse off, families await answers
Mathieu Galtier and Jabeen Bhatti , Special for USA TODAY2:58 p.m. EDT September 11, 2013
TRIPOLI, Libya – A year to the day following an attack on the U.S. embassy in Benghazi that killed four Americans including the ambassador Christopher Stevens, the security situation in Libya has gone from bad to worse, say locals and analysts.
On Wednesday morning, unknown assailants detonated a car bomb near Benghazi’s Foreign Ministry building which decades ago housed the US consulate, security officials said. No one was killed in the blast.
It is the latest in a string of bombings and assassination attempts plaguing Benghazi, the cradle of the Libyan revolution, which ended with the death in late 2011 of former leader Moammar Gadhafi.
In the United States, the families of those killed a year ago at the consulate says the Obama administration has yet to tell them what really happened, and why it is that none of the killers have been captured or killed.
It’s hard, I never expected this from my government, » Patricia Smith, mother of Sean Smith, told Fox News. « All they have to do is tell me the truth. »
Sean Smith was an information officer at the consulate who was among four people killed in the Sept. 11, 2012 attack by al-Qaeda-linked terrorists.
President Obama and then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton initially blamed the attacks on a spontaneous protest against a U.S.-made anti-Islam video despite a CIA report saying otherwise. Smith and other family members say the State Department and the White House have rebuffed their attempts to find out why security was so lax under Clinton, and why Obama did not order military assistance to the embattled officials that night.
The White House has said it has provided all it can on the attack and Obama alluded to Benghazi as a « phony scandal. » Meanwhile, the terrorists who murdered the Americans that night are presumably still in Libya or the region.
Obama said last month that the U.S. was still committed to capturing those who carried out the assault. Obama said his government has a sealed indictment naming some suspected of involvement.
The leaders of an independent review board that investigated last year’s deadly assault on the U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi, Libya, will testify at a House hearing next week. Retired Adm. Mike Mullen and former Ambassador Thomas Pickering will appear before the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee on Sept. 19.
Meanwhile, in the two years since Libya was freed of Gadhafi due in large part to a Western air campaign aiding rebels, the country has failed to build a stable government, strong military or police force.
Militias that police towns can’t keep militants out, and the southern borders remain porous, allowing easy travel for al Qaeda-linked groups flush with cash.
« There are Islamist militias from the east who run drug trafficking routes from southern Libya to the coast – that is how al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is funded, » said  » Jeli Ali, a Tuareg member of the reconciliation committee in Ubari, a town deep in the desert south of the country. « We have been asking for a strong government for three years (and are still waiting). »
Groups that took part in the civil war continue to hold significant amounts of weaponry, and some work with the militants, say analysts. Even so, no one is still sure who has been behind the rising violence.
Wednesday’s bomb blew out a side wall of the building, leaving desks, filing cabinets and computers strewn among the concrete rubble. It also damaged the Benghazi branch of the Libyan Central Bank along a major thoroughfare in the city.
The Foreign Ministry used the building to provide government services to Libyans and foreigners in the eastern region, which is hundreds of miles away from the capital, Tripoli.
The explosion came a day after authorities found and defused another bomb next to the Foreign Ministry building in Tripoli, Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zidan said.
Deputy Interior Minister Sadik Abdel-Karim said the country’s security situation was « deteriorating. »
« The message has been delivered to every Libyan — especially in Benghazi, » he said.
Some in the city blame Salafist group Ansar al-Sharia for the attacks including the one Sept. 11 on the American consulate. After the Sept. 11 attack, Benghazi residents marched on Ansar al-Sharia’s Benghazi headquarters and officially drove the militia out of the city. But, unofficially, Ansar al-Sharia never left.
Analysts say the rise in violence comes as a result of the struggle between the central government and groups such as the militia, whose base of power goes back before the overthrow of Gadhafi and is partly based on tribal alliances.
« Some elements don’t like the ways the central government has taken things and so have seized power, » said Helen Twist, manager of the Middle East and North Africa program at the London-based think-tank Chatham House.
« There has been increasing criminality because there wasn’t ever a successful weapons collection or reconciliation program. Weapons remain in the community and as a result, militias are well armed. »
Twist said there is also the issue of border control with neighboring Algeria and Tunisia, which have contributed to the problem.
« I think Libya needs to work in a coordinated way with its neighbors on border security and also deal with the issue of corruption, which is what gives the militias power, » she added.
Former Interior Minister Ashour Shwayl said that as long as the military and police are not in place, the turmoil will continue.
« To sum it up, there is no solution but for the police, military and judiciary are built up, » Shwayl told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. « Chaos otherwise will remain. »
Car bombs and drive-by shootings since the end the civil war also routinely kill security officials in Benghazi, the birthplace of the uprising.
« Even with so many officials assassinated, no one is held accountable, » said Tawfiq Breik, a lawmaker with the liberal-leaning National Forces Alliance. « No one is arrested. The state is disabled. »
Bhatti reported from Amman, Jordan
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Plus d’histoires deLibye

About : Ginette Hess Skandrani

Écologiste, membre co-fondatrice des Verts, présidente de "La Pierre et l'Olivier" réseau de solidarité avec le peuple de Palestine, Co-fondatrice de la commission d'enquête non gouvernementale sur la vérité en Libye,